|Common fired clay brick is
one of the important building materials in India. Bricks are
used as walling material in most residential and commercial
buildings. They are also used for other applications, e.g. road
and canal construction. India is the second largest producer
of bricks in the world, and is next only to China in terms of
brick production. An estimated 140 billion bricks were produced
during the year 2000–01. Brick production is estimated
to be growing at a rate of 4% per year.
Bricks are produced at village and rural enterprise levels.
The sizes of brick units are much smaller in the rural areas.
However, in peri-urban areas, the size of brick producing
units is much larger, and clustering of brick making units
is quite common. Regional variations are also observed in
the size and scale of the brick production units. The total
number of brick making units is estimated at around 100,000.
Traditional technologies are used for brick production. In
general, bricks are hand moulded, sun dried and fired in a
kiln. The entire process of brick making is manual and estimated
to provide employment to 8 million workers.